Calcium deposits can form on bones and teeth and is called calcification. Plaque or hardened calcium deposits can form on all soft tissues in the body like the gum tissues.
Food particles and organic secretions form deposits on our teeth and this can be caused by salts such as calcium carbonate. This is also known as calculus. These calcium deposits are more commonly called tartar and they form white spots on our teeth. Poor dental hygiene can cause masses of harmful bacteria to thrive in the mouth. These adhere to our teeth and form plaque which when it hardens forms tartar or calculus. Tartar can also form on the gums and cause inflammation of gum tissues. Untreated, tartar can create a wider surface for plaque to grow and this increases the chance of gum disease and cavities.
How Are They Caused
Calcium deposits or tartar deposits can buildup quicker as we grow older. It causes the brown or yellow discoloration of our teeth. When plaque is not regularly removed from teeth it hardens to form tartar. Tartar buildup sticks very hard to teeth enamel and a dentist is the best person to remove this.
Professional Remedies for Calcium Deposits
Debridement is the professional method to remove calcium deposits from our teeth. It is done for those with heavy calculus or tartar buildup and even to remove plaque. When we do not regularly visit a dentist, chances are that tartar will buildup over time making it difficult to remove with simple home remedies. This means that the teeth below are fully covered, making it difficult for the dentist to examine them thoroughly. He will then use the debridement procedure to remove calculus.
The dentist will apply a local anesthetic or at least a numbing liquid on the gums for those with extremely sensitive teeth and who feel pain very easily. This also helps those with an innate fear of dental procedures to be able to tolerate the procedure.
The dentist then uses either an ultrasonic machine or hand instruments to dislodge tartar and plaque from the teeth. This equipment uses high frequency vibrations and water that helps to extricate hardened calcium deposits.
Once debridement is over, the dentist can examine the teeth thoroughly. Usually he or she will advise further treatment like scaling, root planning or in extreme cases even gum surgery. These are the best ways to treat gum disease especially when the gums have started to recede from teeth and lead to hardened mineral (calcium) deposits or tartar buildup on the roots. Both these methods involve cleaning between gums using specialized tools that can even reach the roots of the teeth. Antibiotic fibers are then placed in these pockets between gums and teeth. This can prevent infection and quicken the healing process. After a week the antibiotic fibers will be removed.
Debridement, planning and scaling can all cause some side effects. After debridement, a person who had inflamed gums can feel soreness and sensitivity to hot or cold beverages. This is because in some cases roots will be exposed once tartar and plaque are removed. Anyone with heart problems, impaired immune systems or have had recent surgery must inform their dentist before doing scaling and root planning. There could be a risk of infection with these methods and the dentist will recommend taking antibiotics both before and after the procedures to prevent this.
Home Remedies and Ways to Prevent Calcium Deposits on Teeth
Simple home remedies can prevent calcium deposits on your teeth. Once the dentist has removed tartar and plaque, he will advise you about various ways that you can maintain healthy teeth at home. Some of these are:
- Brushing and flossing is the best way to prevent tartar buildup. Use the proper technique – ask your dentist. A brush with soft bristles can be used. Brush at least for 2 minutes and make sure you reach behind the teeth and up to the last molars.
- Using the right tools at home can also help prevent calcium deposits and plaque formation. Soft nylon, rounded and polished bristles are gentle on teeth and gums.
- Sometimes an electric toothbrush could help those who do not have the manual dexterity to brush with regular toothbrushes.
- Use toothpaste with fluoride and a tartar-control formula. Regular brushing with this toothpaste can prevent plaque formation and this also reduces formation of tartar. Fluoride toothpaste with triclosan can fight the bacteria that cause plaque buildup.
- Flossing is very important for this is the best method to remove plaque between teeth and in areas that a toothbrush cannot reach.
- Eat less of foods with starch and sugar and reduce on snacking. Bacteria thrive more when you eat more of foods containing sugars. Even if you must eat them, making sure you brush regularly, rinse and drink water immediately after meals for this can also reduce tartar buildup. Smoking is another reason for tartar buildup. So quit.
- Make sure your mouth is not dry for saliva can wash away food and fight bacteria. So, drink plenty of water or use a sugarless candy or gum or to fight dry mouth.
Make sure you visit a dentist regularly. Regular professional cleaning is the best way to maintain healthy teeth and gums.