Attractively aligned, shapely white teeth are desired by everyone and porcelain veneers can craft a confident smile.
Porcelain veneers are made of a white translucent porcelain film.
Recent advancements have enabled veneer bonding – a cosmetic and restorative procedure more stability and benefits.
Table of Contents
Veneer Bonding – the procedure
Veneer bonding as the name suggests is a thin sheet of shell shields in this case transparent porcelain, bound to teeth to fix various dental concerns.
From aligning teeth, fixing gaps, chips and cracks to whitening solutions, veneers are a resilient replacement.
The first stage is when the dentist will trim and scale the surface enamel. A max of 0.7 mm of enamel is trimmed. This allows for bonding on the porcelain.
Sometimes, trimming is opted out and a basic cleaning and polishing is done if needed.
The dentist then makes an impression – mold of the teeth as a design template for the veneers.
Based on the impression, the porcelain veneers are made to suit the characteristics of the teeth, which takes about 2 weeks.
During the 2 weeks, if trimmed, a temporary veneer could be of choice, as a cover – up. Being temporary, it is taken – off before the porcelain veneers are fixed on.
Trial and consent
Dentists will check the fit, color and shape of the veneers; discuss and try out options and adjustments according to preferences to get a ‘good to go’, on to the next stage.
The bonding process
Etching and cleaning the surface prepares the veneer to sit in place through a strong bond. A bonding material is then applied before cementing the veneer to the enamel.
The cement allows for subtleties in shade, which can be seen through the porcelain, which is essentially transparent.
The excesses are trimmed before using a curing light to harden it into a strong hold.
Follow up: After about a week, a follow up is crucial in conveying how the new veneers are shaping up.
The dentist will ask for feedback and adjustments can be made accordingly at this stage. Sensitivity issues are also dealt with at this stage.
Advantage of Veneer Bonding
Porcelain veneers are a permanent solution to teeth that are damaged, have gaps, cracked, discolored and stained.
They last anywhere from 7 – 20 years, depending on how well they’re taken care of. They’re a sturdier, anti – chip option than composite veneers and offer protection to severely damaged teeth. Their sturdy qualities enable them to be an option to people who grind their teeth.
They are stain resistant, which is value for money as a whitening procedure. This is makes them a low maintenance solution.
They can treat Tetracycline stains on teeth which composite bonding or traditional whitening can’t do.
Being translucent, they reveal a natural, whiter look as compared to composite bonding. It also depends on the color of the cement, which can be chosen to suit preference.
Porcelain veneers are a permanent solution and a ‘big change’. They can’t be reversed. They should be resorted to only in cases of extremely unhealthy, damaged, paper – thin teeth that need fixing.
Composite bonding being temporary can be tried out before opting for porcelain veneers. Replacement can be successfully carried out, as long as the amount of enamel left over is sufficient. If not, other alternatives have to be considered.
Dentists should therefore convey this before hand due the permanence of the treatment.
They are an expensive procedure as compared to others. Depending on the type of insurance, it might cover for a part of the cost. Staining could occur in a gap between the porcelain and tooth.
Stains could also occur when the bond between the veneer and tooth wear out, in the case of which the procedure has to be re – done. If the surface was over trimmed, it could cause sensitivity issues and some amount of dental damage and pain.
Due to the permanence of the outcome, a qualified, reputable cosmetic dentist with favorable reviews and successful treatments should be consulted.
As many questions that clarify techniques and materials used should be asked prior to treatment.
During the treatment
The dentist should trim a fair amount to ensure veneer is fixed on enamel and not so much on dentin to enable a stronger bond.
If the dentist uses a milling machine, the outcome might not be as detailed and natural as when an impression is molded.
A temporary veneer may or may not be needed in the interval of 2 weeks. However, during that time soft foods and room temperature beverages should be consumed.
During the bonding, the dentist has to be thorough enough to ensure leakage from the gums is not a factor of concern post treatment.
Any changes and adjustments needed have to be informed in the trial stage as nothing much can be done once the veneers are fixed.
A feeling of sensitivity might last for about 2 weeks, which subsides on it’s own.
Although the veneer bond is strong, it is advisable to be gentle for about 2 weeks after, avoiding crunchier food and exerting force.
They can crack and fracture in the same way as natural teeth and thus opening bottles and activities alike should be avoided.
Whitening after the treatment will display a minimal result due to the translucency of the veneers. The only solution is to whiten the portion of the tooth behind which might.
Caution should be exercised with in – office clean ups, especially ones that use ‘Prophy Jet’ instruments.
The strong salt-water spray can roughen the glaze, making the veneers more susceptible to staining. Regular care like brushing and flossing are discernible. Mild toothpaste and soft – bristled angled or sonic brushes are important.
Crunchy foods should be chewed in small pieces, by the back teeth. People who grind their teeth should wear a dental guard at night.
Porcelain veneers can be a costly procedure but with long lasting, outstanding results that’ll attract compliments, to feel worth every penny spent.
To be comfortable and confident of the outcome, an experienced cosmetic dentist is top priority.